A Glossary of Photographic Terms: Q-S
- A device included on many cameras as an aid in focusing.
- Any device used to reflect light onto a subject.
- Most films are designed to be exposed within a certain range of exposure times-usually between 1/15 second to 1/1000 second. When exposure times fall outside of this range-becoming either significantly longer or shorter-a film's characteristics may change. Loss of effective film speed, contrast changes, and (with color films) color shifts are the three common results. These changes are called reciprocity effect.
- Cracking or distorting of the emulsion during processing, usually caused by wide temperature or chemical-activity differences between the solutions.
- Altering a print or negative after development by use of dyes or pencils to alter tones of highlights, shadows, and other details, or to remove blemishes.
- RF Output
- The playback output level of the recorded FM signal. Lower RF output levels can result in increased noise levels in the playback signal.
- An enclosed darkroom lamp fitted with a filter to screen out light rays to which film and paper are sensitive.
- Safety Interlock
- A feature on all Kodak Advantix cameras that prevents the film door from opening mid-roll and exposing film to light.
- An attribute of perceived color, or the percentage of hue in a color. Saturated colors are called vivid, strong, or deep. Desaturated colors are called dull, weak, or washed out.
- SDC System Developing Companies
- Kodak and four other photo industry leaders who jointly developed the Advanced Photo System standards.
- Selective Focus
- Choosing a lens opening that produces a shallow depth of field. Usually this is used to isolate a subject by causing most other elements in the scene to be blurred.
- Trademark for patented Kodak flash technology, employed in Kodak Advantix cameras, that automatically determines when flash is needed.
- Blades, a curtain, plate, or some other movable cover in a camera that controls the time during which light reaches the film.
- Shutter Priority
- An exposure mode on an automatic or autofocus camera that lets you select the desired shutter speed; the camera sets the aperture for proper exposure. If you change the shutter speed, or the light level changes, the camera adjusts the aperture automatically.
- Light striking the subject from the side relative to the position of the camera; produces shadows and highlights to create modeling on the subject.
||Photographer: Annette M. McCoy
KINSA/KODAK Photo Contest
Film: KODAK GOLD Plus 100
Film Size: 35 mm
- Simple Camera
- A camera that has few or no adjustments to be made by the picture-taker. Usually, simple cameras have only one size of lens opening and one or two shutter speeds and do not require focusing by the picture-taker.
- Single-Lens-Reflex (SLR) Camera
- A camera in which you view the scene through the same lens that takes the picture.
- A photographic transparency (positive) mounted for projection.
- Soft Focus
- Produced by use of a special lens that creates soft outlines.
||Photographer: Allan J. Carrano
KINSA/KODAK Photo Contest
Film: KODAK EKTACHROME 400
Film Size: 120
- Soft Lighting
- Lighting that is low or moderate in contrast, such as on an overcast day.
- Retouching a processed print with a pencil or brush (with watercolors or dyes) to eliminate spots left by dust or scratches on the negative.
- Discolored areas on film or paper, usually caused by contaminated developing solutions or by insufficient fixing, washing, or agitation.
- Stop Bath
- An acid rinse, usually a weak solution of acetic acid, used as a second step when developing black-and-white film or paper. It stops development and makes the hypo (fixing bath) last longer.
- Stopping Down
- Changing the lens aperture to a smaller opening; for example, from f/8 to f/11.
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